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Macedonia - General information

Смоларски ВодопадRepublic of Macedonia is located on the Balkan Peninsula in South Eastern Europe. It is a landlocked country bounded on the north by Serbia, on the east by Bulgaria, on the south by Greece, and on the west by Albania, Republic of Macedonia covers an area of 25,713 sq. km (approximately 9,928 sq. mi). It is inhabited by around 2.1 million residents, broken down into ethnic groups of Macedonians 64.18%, Albanians 25.17%, Turks 3.85%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.66%, Serbs 1.78%, Bosniaks 0.84%, Vlachs 0.48%, and other ethnic groups 1.04%.

Republic of Macedonia is a country of parliamentary democracy with a civil constitution that allows to all its citizens to enjoy equal rights and freedoms.
The Macedonian currency is the Macedonian Denar (MKD).

The official language is the Macedonian language which belongs to the Slavic group of languages and uses the Cyrillic alphabet. Besides the Macedonian language minority languages that are spoken are Albanian, Romani, Turkish and Serbian. In municipalities where at least 20% of the population is part of another ethnic minority individual languages are used for official purposes in local government along the Macedonian language.

Пештера Врело Матка Christianity is the major religion in Macedonia but also there are several other religious communities which develop relations of mutual respect and tolerance. Mainly the people are of Orthodox affiliation, followed by the members of Islam, then Catholicism and others follow.

There are more than 1200 churches and 400 mosques in the country and Orthodox and Islamic religious communities have secondary religion schools in the capital of Macedonia, Skopje. 
In Republic of Macedonia there are two airports, Skopje airport and Ohrid airport.
Macedonia is one of those rare places on earth that has over 260 sunny days per year.
The summers are hot and dry and the winters are moderately cold. Macedonian territory is a transitional region between Mediterranean and Continental climates.

 

 

Geographical facts

Republic of Macedonia is mainly mountainous country. It has a macro relief that was formed during a tectonic process into mountains and valleys.
Планина КорабIn the east, the mountains of Plackovica, Malesevo, Ograzden, Belasica (2029m), and Kozuf (2166m) while in the west, the group of mountains includes Mount Sar and its lesser peak of Titov Vrv (2748m) the highest peak in the country, Mount Turcin, Mount Bristavec, Mount Ljuboten (2498m), Mount Kobilica, Mount Korab with the peaks Golem Korab (2764m) and Mala Korapska Vrata, Mount Desat and Velivar Peak, Mount Bistra (2163m), Mount Stogovo with Golem Rid Peak, Mount Jakupica with peaks at Solunska Glava and Karadzica, Mount Galicica with Magaro Peak (2254m), and Mount Baba with peaks at Pelister (2601m) and Veternica (2420m).

There are three large tectonic lakes - Ohrid Lake (covers an area of 358km²), Prespa Lake (273km²) and Dojran Lake (43.1km²).
Macedonia also has many glacial lakes located in the highest parts of the country. There are 27 on Mount Sar (the biggest one being Bogovinsko covering an area of 67000 sq.meters, Krivosinsko, Crno, Belo, Golemo Dedelbesko and others), two on Baba mountain (Big Lake and Small Lake), four on mount Jablanica (Podgorsko, Gorno Labunisko, Dolno Labunisko and Vevcansko) and others.

Преспа рибарско Село пејсажApart from the natural lakes there are artificial lakes too - Kozjak Lake, Matka Lake, Tikves Lake, Mavrovo Lake, Debar Lake, Mladost Lake, Kalimanci and others .

Macedonia also has rich flora and fauna. On mount Pelister there are around 88 species of plants. The forests in Macedonia include pine forests, Macedonian Oaks (alders, poplars, sycamore, white willows, weeping willows, elms and the common ash) and poppy.